The national ration card is a must for every citizen. It is a proof of identity and address, which you need to prove in case of any problem. In this article we will discuss the manner in which citizens can get the ration card and what are the benefits of having one.
The National Food Security Act 2013 has been implemented on July 2, 2017, with a view to ensure that every citizen gets food grains at reasonable prices through fair price shops. This scheme aims at providing access to food grains at reasonable prices through fair price shops and ration shops.
The scheme provides for free distribution of foodgrains to eligible households through fair price shops and ration shops on purchase made by eligible households from such shops with their respective ration cards/cards.
In the wake of demonetisation, the government has announced that all citizens will have a ration card. This will be issued to every individual in the country and they can use it to buy food items at any state-run or private retailers.
The move is being seen as a long-awaited step towards digitisation in India. It also aims at checking corruption, which is rampant in the system.
The number of people without a ration card has been estimated at about 120 million after demonetization was announced on November 8 last year.
The government has said that those who don’t have a ration card can apply for one within 14 days by paying some money. The money will be refunded if they do not get their card.
Ration Card Advantages and Uses
The government of India has decided to introduce ration cards for the people who are not able to buy food grains from the market. The ration card will be issued by the central government, which will make sure that all ration cards are valid and genuine.
The main advantages of ration cards are:
- It will enable one to purchase food grains at cheaper rates.
- It will help in issuing certificates for medical care and education purposes.
- It will enable one to get free healthcare under various schemes such as mid-day mealscheme, ayushman Bharat, etc., which are being offered by the government of India.
- It will also help in getting subsidies on fuel and fertilizers through your own Aadhaarnumber or biometric authentication number (ABN).
Types of Ration Cards in India
There are five types of ration cards in India. These are as follows:
- Family Planning Scheme – this is intended to provide free or subsidized food andcooking gas to women who want to limit or space their families.
- Food Security Act – this is intended to help people with limited resources get enoughfood and nutrition.
- Antyodaya Anna Yojana – this scheme aims at providing financial assistance to thosewho are poor, old, handicapped or ill.
- National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme – this scheme provides employmentfor rural households during the lean agricultural season (April-September).
- Public Distribution System – this scheme provides subsidized food grains, edible oil,salt and tea among other things through fair price shops (FPSs) in rural areas across India every year between October and March.